35 Hawke Street

35 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

Also known as Cossham House Source: http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article196080069
Previous Address 19 Hawke Street (before 1889) Source: Hatcher Index
Constructed 21/12/1869
Style Victorian : 1840-1890
Builder Crawford & Anderson of Peel Street West Melbourne.

Timelapse Building Images


photographer Graeme Butler


photographer Karl Haller held by North Melbourne Library

Land Details

  1. 1885 MMBW map.
  2. Crown compiled map

Building Details

Melbourne council building registration application number 3629.

Further building work carried out by Crawford & Anderson shown below.

Architects Building Type
72687 Henry, – West Melbourne VIC Shops Crawford & Anderson – Melbourne 1869 08 17 3395
77291 Woodham, – West Melbourne VIC Houses Crawford & Anderson – Melbourne 1869 12 21 3629
77294 Cunningham, James West Melbourne VIC Houses Crawford & Anderson – 84 Elizabeth St N 1870 02 16 3743
71966 Welch, W H Melbourne VIC Warehouses Crawford & Anderson – 84 Elizabeth nth 1870 04 27 3879
77691 Mason, James Melbourne VIC Houses; Shops Crawford & Anderson – 84 Elizabeth St Nth 1872 05 8 4809


Subsequent Building Alterations

No Entries Found

Architectural Features

  • Building Ornamentation

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

  • Doors

    Photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

  • Windows

    Photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

  • Fence
    Cast Iron

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

  • Balcony
    Cast Iron

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

  • Fin Wall

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

  • Building Ornamentation

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

Heritage Significance and Listings

Heritage Listings and Explanatory Notes

Intact detailed wrought iron lace work, veranda, original windows, fence and gate.

Ornate and intact masonry detail on the parapet front.

35 Hawke Street is a two-story brick and bluestone building containing building fabric from the 1869 period of construction and is unaltered and fully intact to its era. Original verandah with cast iron panels and lacework. Original fence and gate with bluestone foundations intact. Original 4 panel solid wood front door with fanlight window above.

35 Hawke Street was built by Crawford & Anderson. The also built a number of other buildings in Melbourne. Of particular note Crawford & Anderson built 43 Hawke Street West Melbourne.


From To Owner More Info Data Source
1975 to date Private Hatcher Index
1974 1974 Maria Byrne & Phillis Wong Hatcher Index
1973 1973 Phillis Wong Hatcher Index
1972 1972 David Wong Hatcher Index
1967 1971 Maria Anna Buttigieg Hatcher Index
1958 1966 Giseppe Pasquino Hatcher Index
1956 1957 Michele Jolino Sallo Hatcher Index
1950 1955 Paul & Maria Portelli Hatcher Index
1937 1949 Lily Woodham Hatcher Index
1920 1936 Alfred James Woodham Hatcher Index
1919 1919 Maude, Alice, Lily & Elizabeth Woodham Hatcher Index
1918 1918 Maude & Lily Woodham Hatcher Index
1917 1917 Woodham’s Estate Hatcher Index
1915 1916 Mary Woodham Hatcher Index
1871 1914 Samuel Jesse Woodham http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article197204809 Hatcher Index
1853 1870 Thomas Allison and A. H. Knight purchased land Hatcher Index
abt 40 thousand years earlier 1835 Boon Wurrung and Woiwurrung (Wurundjeri) peoples of the Kulin Nation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Victoria Hatcher Index


From To Resident More Info Data Source
1975 to date Private Hatcher Index
1974 1974 Louise Williams Hatcher Index
1973 1973 Canilleni Hatcher Index
1968 1971 Maria Anna Buttigieg Hatcher Index
1958 1966 Giseppe Pasquino Hatcher Index
1956 1957 Michele Jolino Sallo Hatcher Index
1950 1955 Paul & Maria Portelli http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article262663954 Hatcher Index
1949 1949 George Wall Hatcher Index
1945 1948 Magie Violet Hammond Hatcher Index
1937 1944 Frances Hudson Hatcher Index
1935 1935 Alice White Hatcher Index
1924 1934 James Henry White and Alice Eggersdat http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article203375155 Hatcher Index
1918 1923 John Carpenter Hatcher Index
1917 1917 Maude Woodham Hatcher Index
1915 1916 Mary Woodham http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1612789 Hatcher Index
1871 1914 Samuel Jesse Woodham and Mrs. Mary Jane Woodham, nee Sheenam http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article202623322 Hatcher Index

Social History

Sporting Globe (Melbourne, Vic. : 1922 – 1954), Saturday 5 April 1930, page 6

Long Service Record

Alf Woodham Chats of the Past


In active service as an official since 1892, Mr A. J. Woodham — “Alt” throughout the football world—holds the record for senior football In Victoria. At the last annual meeting of the V.F.A. he was elected vice president for the 26th consecutive year, and is the only Association member to sit on the original body. His football career started when he was appointed secretary and captain of North park (second twenty) In the ‘eighties.” Then he became secretory of the famous first twenty premiers of the V.J.F.A. on several occasions. In 1892 he became secretary of North Melbourne, and in the following year took his seat on the V.F.A. with Mr E. E. Bean, of cricket fame, as his co-delegate. For nine years he held the dual position, and then, relinquishing the secretaryship, continued for two years as delegate. In 1930 he was persuaded to resume the duties or secretary of North Melbourne, who in that year won their first premiership for 35 years under the coaching of Paddy Noonan. Retiring from the Association, he has was elected a life member, and in 1904 vice-president, a position he has held since. He was also elected a life member of North for services rendered.


1899. Emma VIctoria Woodham

North Melbourne Courier

1886. WIlliam Douglas & Catherine Ursula Woodham

The Age

1885 – 1890 Sands & McDougall Directory

Sands & McDougall directory

1871 Crawford & Anderson

The Age

1864 Woodham

The Argus

Context and Streetscape

This property resides within the municipality of the City of Melbourne. We respectfully acknowledge it is on the traditional land of the Kulin Nation.
source: https://www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/history-city-of-melbourne.pdf
historical map source: https://www.slv.vic.gov.au/search-discover/explore-collections-format/maps/maps-melbourne-city-suburbs

This information must be verified with the relevant planning or heritage authority.


Hawke Street and the surrounding streetscapes in part, were indirectly influenced by news about the discovery of Gold by Dunlop and Regan in Victoria at Poverty Point, Ballarat in 1851. News of that find led to a great influx of migrants arriving in old Melbourne, seeking fortune and a better life, but housing in old Melbourne was in short supply. The sheer volume of arrivals led to pressure on authorities to expand the size of the colonial settlement, described by Albert Mattingley in his recollections of The Early History of North Melbourne, in 1916.

In 1852, government surveyor Charles Laing’s ‘Plan of the City of Melbourne and its Extension Northwards’ helped alleviate dramatically the pressure for more housing.

Vacant building allotments were pegged, surveyed, and allocated for sale towards the north, on La-Trobe, Adderley, Jeffcott, Spencer, Batman, King, Dudley, Rosslyn, Stanley, Roden and Hawke Street. Blocks of land were auctioned, with Hawke Street land first offered for sale in May, 1853.

By October 1853, W.M. Tennent wrote in the Argus newspaper:

 “Hawke Street is most desirably situated, is in a most healthy and elevated position and commands extensive views of the shipping in the bay and of all surrounding districts”

The race to be the first to have an influence on Hawke streetscape was won in July 1853 by Scotsman, Colin Campbell, who created two stone and brick rendered dwellings and a timber workshop at 19, 21 and 23 Hawke. He was quickly followed a week later by Thomas Stevens who built four wooden cottages on the corner of Hawke and King Streets. Steven’s wooden dwellings were later replaced in 1920 by S. J. Marshall’s architect- designed pharmaceutical laboratory while Campbell’s buildings were demolished in 1972 when the three-storey red brick Miami hotel was created in their place.

In the 1890s, the Hawke residential streetscape began to slowly change with the introduction of industry. The largest of the early industrial buildings that had moved out of Melbourne’s CBD, made its new home on the corner of Hawke and Adderley Streets.  It was designed by architects Oakden, Addison & Kemp and built in 1889 by John Dunton for Brisco & Co. who were cast iron merchants of Elizabeth Street Melbourne.

At the most southern end, an 1868 resident and engineer, Gideon James, and his wife Catherine, once lived at 207 Hawke while Gideon operated the Avon Tool Works business located next door at 199 Hawke until 1909. Their double- fronted Victorian home and garden and nearby workshop both were demolished in the 1920s and replaced by a two-storey red brick industrial building that has since been converted into 12 townhouses.

The southern end of the Hawke streetscape in the late 1860s was also home to a handful of important greengrocer and butcher shops. Among their owners were names such as James Ibbetson, William Wood, and Mrs. Mary Ann Smith.

In 1881, the streetscape continued to change with the arrival of Miss. J. Hutchinson’s mantle & underclothing factory at 96 Hawke, and Francis Gillman, who lived and operated a boot factory at 62 Hawke. The streetscape continued evolving when both Victorian period homes and workshops were demolished and replaced Number 96 is now a park and number 62 is a modern red and cream brick construction built in the 1980s.

Following World War Two, the Hawke streetscape received a rush of extra industrial buildings, from the Spencer Street corner southwards. These factories made all manner of items from electric batteries to spark plugs and baby carriages, marketed nationwide.

In 1895, the street contained 89 Victorian era dwellings. Seven Federation dwellings followed soon after. As of 2022, Hawke Street has lost 43 heritage dwellings, removed from its streetscape forever.

Without stronger heritage protection laws, by the year 2150, the number of heritage dwellings in this streetscape potentially could face total obliteration.

The remaining historic dwellings on Hawke Street are important to the area because they are socially and historically significant buildings that retain private back yard gardens and they relate directly to the early development of West Melbourne.

The Hawke streetscape today contains a collection of outstanding Victorian and Federation dwellings, which are a particularly well-preserved group from important architectural periods in time. These dwellings are interspersed by some industrial buildings, with two early hotels predominantly on the southern side south of the Hawke and Spencer Street intersection.

The North and West Melbourne Precinct is of historical, social, and aesthetic/architectural significance to the local residents and to the City of Melbourne. It is of historical significance, as a predominantly Victorian-era precinct associated with the nineteenth century growth of Melbourne to its north and west.

The residents living in the heritage dwellings along the streetscape are impacted by a push to increase residential density through conversions of the two to three storey red brick industrial buildings into six to eight story blocks of flats, blocks that offer little or no onsite car parking or onsite garden space.

It is imperative existing heritage regulations within the wider built environment be strengthened and laws be strictly followed. All development that occurs in future on Hawke Street ought to be architecturally respectful of the existing style, low scale heights and the hand-crafted materials utilised in keeping with the historic style.

Some might say the residents of Hawke Street and the surrounding streets of greater Melbourne owe a debt of gratitude to the wise Victorian settlers who created the beautiful terrace homes found along these streetscapes of today.

Other Information


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