37 Hawke Street

37 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019

Also known as “Enfield” Source: http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article138693560
Previous Address 21 Hawke Street (before 1889) Source: Hatcher Index
Constructed 1872
Style Victorian : 1840-1890
Architect Crouch & Wilson, 46 Elizabeth Street Melbourne
Builder

Timelapse Building Images

2009

http://maps.melbourne.vic.gov.au/

1980’s

photographer Karl Halla

North Melbourne Library


Land Details

1895 MMBW Map.

source: http://maps.melbourne.vic.gov.au/

Building Details

 

Other architectural work carried out by Crouch & Wilson is listed below.

Next
Architects Building Type
11504 Crouch & Wilson VIC Clubs; Hostels; Office Buildings Tou??, Richard 36
11505 Crouch & Wilson Penzy, Charles VIC Clubs; Hostels; Office Buildings Grundmen, Frederick 41
15933 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hospitals; Hostels
34809 Crouch & Wilson VIC Public Buildings
45471 Crouch & Wilson VIC Warehouses 1801 5 16
32338 Crouch & Wilson Sth Yarra VIC Houses 1856 10 8
27620 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses 1858 6 18
29100 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1858 8 21
34763 Crouch & Wilson VIC Public Buildings 1858-9 c.
29101 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1859 10 22
45393 Crouch & Wilson VIC Warehouses 1859 10 3
14685 Crouch & Wilson VIC Churches; Halls 1859 11 10
26836 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1859 11 22
39968 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1859 12 20
34764 Crouch & Wilson VIC Public Buildings 1859 2 5
34779 Crouch & Wilson VIC Public Buildings 1859 2 5
17734 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hotels 1859 3 21
34771 Crouch & Wilson; Johnson, Arthur Ebden VIC Public Buildings 1859 3 26
34770 Crouch & Wilson; Johnson, Arthur Ebden; Runsey VIC Public Buildings 1859 4 2
17735 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hotels; Houses 1859 4 9
34765 Crouch & Wilson VIC Public Buildings 1859 4 9
26837 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1860 2 22
26518 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses; Shops; Stables 1860 2 3
42384 Crouch & Wilson VIC Structures 1860 5 3
72239 Crouch & Wilson Cork,- West Melbourne VIC Houses; alterations Abbott, Arthur – Victoria St. Sth Yarra 1861 03 2 118
75630 Crouch & Wilson Tankard, J Melbourne VIC Hotels Hennessy Bros – Melbourne July 15 Hunter, Henry – Melbourne Aug 1 1861 07 15 348
76961 Crouch & Wilson Crouch & Wilson Melbourne VIC Factories Davies, Hugh – Carlton 1861 07 24 362
28392 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1861 10 17
28177 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1861 10 24
29103 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1861 10 24
44742 Crouch & Wilson VIC Warehouses 1861 10 7
26838 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1861 4 18
44741 Crouch & Wilson VIC Warehouses 1861 6 17
34766 Crouch & Wilson; Johnson, Arthur Ebden VIC Public Buildings 1862 8 23
34810 Crouch & Wilson; Johnson, Arthur Ebden VIC Public Buildings 1862 8 23
36005 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Religious Buildings 1863
73054 Crouch & Wilson Davis, Peter Melbourne VIC Warehouses; alterations Tadgell, F J – Melbourne 1863 05 22 182
29819 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1863 10 27
40329 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1863 12 12
17736 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hotels 1863 12 19
76089 Crouch & Wilson Pyne, Beath & Co Melbourne VIC Warehouses Pigdon, John – Melbourne 1864 07 26 374
15887 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hostels; Schools 1864 1 16
15971 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Hostels; Schools 1864 1 16
17370 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hotels 1864 1 21
28393 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1864 10 25
39819 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1864 12 23
27049 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1864 2 5
39818 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1864 3 24
40330 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops; Warehouses 1864 4 13
41002 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1864 5 14
41006 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1864 5 14
13016 Crouch & Wilson Gullett, Edmund – Moor St Coll VIC Factories Gullett, Edmund 1864 6 25 818
44934 Crouch & Wilson VIC Warehouses 1864 7 9
10525 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Churches 1864 8 20
10526 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Churches 1864 8 20
37543 Crouch & Wilson North Melbourne VIC Schools 1864 9 3
77670 Crouch & Wilson Lyons, David Melbourne VIC alterations Tadgell, F J – Melbourne 1865 06 2 899
28026 Crouch & Wilson North Melbourne VIC Houses 1865 10 25
40744 Crouch & Wilson North Melbourne VIC Shops 1865 12 14
28394 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1865 2 25
28020 Crouch & Wilson North Melbourne VIC Houses 1865 3 2
28265 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1865 4 14
29575 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1865 4 14
44935 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops; Warehouses 1865 4 25
39820 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1865 5 13
10452 Crouch & Wilson Flemington VIC Churches 1865 5 27
40072 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1865 5 29
27337 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses 1865 7 1
15934 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hostels 1865 8 8
27621 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses 1865 9 18
81116 Crouch & Wilson Elliott East Melbourne VIC Buildings Jones, William – 40 Drummond St, Carlton 1866 04 16 1437
28342 Crouch & Wilson Sth Yarra VIC Houses 1866 10 8
28343 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1866 11 17
32339 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1866 11 17
27338 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses 1866 3 17
40227 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1866 3 23
15935 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hostels; Schools 1866 3 24
10447 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Churches; Religious Buildings 1866 8 4
15936 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hostels; Schools 1867 10 21
45318 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops; Warehouses 1867 9 13
81130 Crouch & Wilson Russell, T East Melbourne VIC Houses Williams, F – 197 Victoria Pde 1868 10 13 2869
28296 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Houses 1868 10 7
10423 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Churches 1868 12 10
26783 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1868 4 25
28419 Crouch & Wilson West Melbourne VIC Houses 1868 5 29
27557 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses 1868 7 11
26717 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1868 8 12
10546 Crouch & Wilson West Melbourne VIC Churches 1868 9 5
10424 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Churches 1869 1 30
28028 Crouch & Wilson North Melbourne VIC Houses 1869 10 15
28324 Crouch & Wilson Sth Yarra VIC Houses 1869 10 8
28027 Crouch & Wilson North Melbourne VIC Houses 1869 10 9
27339 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses 1869 11 12
26688 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1869 11 30
26389 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1869 12 17
26530 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1869 12 17
26784 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1869 12 4
39821 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops; Warehouses 1869 2 19
27314 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1869 4 13
27114 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1869 4 30
39822 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops; Warehouses 1869 5 15
44743 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops; Warehouses 1869 5 15
10436 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Churches; Religious Buildings; Schools 1869 6 2
29821 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1869 9 3
27558 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses; Religious Buildings 1870 10 21
27559 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses; Religious Buildings 1870 10 21
83299 Crouch & Wilson Watson, W. S South Yarra VIC Houses Priestley & Beatty – Union St Windsor 1870 10 3 4155
15938 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hostels; Schools 1870 11 4
15937 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hostels; Schools 1870 3 19
27622 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses 1870 4 27
29824 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1870 9 14
15939 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hostels; Schools 1871 10 20
27623 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Houses 1871 11 17
27226 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1871 3 18
27171 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1871 4 26
40424 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1871 5 3
10547 Crouch & Wilson West Melbourne VIC Churches 1871 6 16
10138 Crouch & Wilson VIC Churches 1871 8 12
27271 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1871 9 7
36006 Crouch & Wilson East Melbourne VIC Religious Buildings 1871-7
73762 Crouch & Wilson Ashley, Edward Melbourne VIC Shops Wood, John 1872 10 22 5084
39640 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1872 10 4
26718 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1872 10 7
17647 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hotels 1872 11 7
37397 Crouch & Wilson VIC Schools 1872 11 9
10142 Crouch & Wilson VIC Churches 1872 3 23
10143 Crouch & Wilson VIC Churches 1872 5 21
40284 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1872 7 13
15899 Crouch & Wilson VIC Hostels 1872 7 20
28435 Crouch & Wilson West Melbourne VIC Houses 1872 7 26
27077 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1872 7 4
27089 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1872 7 6
10144 Crouch & Wilson VIC Churches 1872 8 13
76130 Crouch & Wilson Pyne, Beath & Co Melbourne VIC Warehouses Pigdon, John – Melbourne 1873 07 10 5477
77693 Crouch & Wilson Walker, – Melbourne VIC Shops Linacre, J W – 262 Madeline St Carlton 1873 07 16 5486
76813 Crouch & Wilson Welshman, – Melbourne VIC Warehouses Linacre & Farnsworth – 262 Madeline St 1873 07 25 5497
40073 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops 1873 1 27
27057 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Houses 1873 4 24
45319 Crouch & Wilson VIC Warehouses 1873 6 11
35026 Crouch & Wilson; Egan, Michael East Melbourne VIC Public Buildings 1873 6 17
35029 Crouch & Wilson; Egan, Michael East Melbourne VIC Public Buildings 1873 6 17
44936 Crouch & Wilson VIC Warehouses 1873 6 21
39641 Crouch & Wilson VIC Shops; Warehouses 1873 7 9
77954 Crouch & Wilson Erskine Church Trustees Carlton VIC Churches; Religious Buildings Roberts, R 1874 05 11 5887
39969 Crouch & Wilson VIC Office Buildings; Shops 1874 1 22
39970 Crouch & Wilson VIC Office Buildings; Shops 1874 1 22
10313 Crouch & Wilson Carlton VIC Churches; Houses 1874 1 24
45483 Crouch & Wilson VIC Warehouses 1874 11 21
15972 Crouch & Wilson South Yarra VIC Hostels 1874 12 11
26623 Crouch & Wilson VIC Houses 1874 12 17

https://www.mileslewis.net/australian-architectural/


Subsequent Building Alterations

New timber picket fence installed in the 1990’s, from photographic evidence.

Architectural Features




  • Fin Wall
    Brick

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019


  • Doors
    Timber

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019


  • Lacework
    Cast Iron

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019


  • Balcony
    Timber

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019


  • Walls
    Brick

    photographer: Stephen Hatcher, 2019



Heritage Significance and Listings

Heritage Listings and Explanatory Notes

Intact detailed wrought iron lace work, veranda, original windows, however the fence and gate need to be reinstated to an original bluestone and cast iron similar to house 47.

Ornate and mostly intact masonry detail on the parapet front, missing two orbs on its corners.

37 Hawke Street is a two-story brick and bluestone building containing building fabric from the 1872 period of construction and other than the front fence, it is unaltered and mostly intact to its era. Original verandah has restored cast iron panel lacework. Original 4 panel solid wood front door with fanlight overhead. Original chimneys are all intact and operational.

Its two-tone brickwork is particularly impressive and would have been a special feature specified by highly talented architects from the firm of Crouch & Wilson.

Owners

From To Owner More Info Data Source
1975 to date Private Hatcher Index
1971 1974 Robert & Heather Ruby Bell Hatcher Index
1956 1970 Charles Aquilina Hatcher Index
1940 1955 Elizabeth Crowther Hatcher Index
1921 1939 Hannah CarolineThwaites Hatcher Index
1906 1920 Hessey’s estate Hatcher Index
1895 1905 George Hessey Hatcher Index
1889 1894 David Green Hatcher Index
1883 1888 William Barrow Hatcher Index
1872 1882 James Gutherie Hatcher Index
1853 1871 Thomas Allison and A. H. Knight purchased land Hatcher Index
abt 40 thousand years earlier 1835 Boon Wurrung and Woiwurrung (Wurundjeri) peoples of the Kulin Nation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Victoria Hatcher Index

Residents

From To Resident More Info Data Source
1975 to date Private Hatcher Index
1971 1974 Robert & Heather Ruby Bell Hatcher Index
1956 1970 Charles Aquilina Hatcher Index
1950 1955 Robert & Kathleen Quigley Hatcher Index
1942 1949 William John Brown and Mrs. Josephine Brown http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article206784304 Hatcher Index
1941 1941 Josephine Brown Hatcher Index
1931 1940 Hannah CarolineThwaites Hatcher Index
1930 1930 Henry Bruce Negus Hatcher Index
1929 1929 Ernest Abraham Gibaud Hatcher Index
1928 1928 Frank Esdale Hatcher Index
1922 1927 Hannah Caroline Thwaites Hatcher Index
1918 1921 Charles F Patterson Hatcher Index
1908 1917 John Powell Hatcher Index
1906 1907 Thomas Mann Hatcher Index
1905 1905 Arthur Fox Hatcher Index
1903 1904 Annie Cootes, nee Hart http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article138693560 Hatcher Index
1902 1902 Peter B Lang Hatcher Index
1899 1901 William Blay Hatcher Index
1888 1888 Harriet Blay Hatcher Index
1895 1896 Thomas W Williams Hatcher Index
1889 1894 David Green Hatcher Index
1888 1888 Thomas Reid Hatcher Index
1883 1885 William Barrow Hatcher Index
1872 1882 James Gutherie Hatcher Index

Social History

1944. Mr & Mrs Brown

The Age


1903. Anne Cootes

The Argus


1893. David Green

Melbourne Leader


1885. John L. Holland Esquire

The Argus



Context and Streetscape

Precinct
This property resides within the municipality of the City of Melbourne. We respectfully acknowledge it is on the traditional land of the Kulin Nation.
source: https://www.melbourne.vic.gov.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/history-city-of-melbourne.pdf
historical map source: https://www.slv.vic.gov.au/search-discover/explore-collections-format/maps/maps-melbourne-city-suburbs

Zoning
This information must be verified with the relevant planning or heritage authority.

Streetscape

Hawke Street and the surrounding streetscapes in part, were indirectly influenced by news about the discovery of Gold by Dunlop and Regan in Victoria at Poverty Point, Ballarat in 1851. News of that find led to a great influx of migrants arriving in old Melbourne, seeking fortune and a better life, but housing in old Melbourne was in short supply. The sheer volume of arrivals led to pressure on authorities to expand the size of the colonial settlement, described by Albert Mattingley in his recollections of The Early History of North Melbourne, in 1916.

In 1852, government surveyor Charles Laing’s ‘Plan of the City of Melbourne and its Extension Northwards’ helped alleviate dramatically the pressure for more housing.

Vacant building allotments were pegged, surveyed, and allocated for sale towards the north, on La-Trobe, Adderley, Jeffcott, Spencer, Batman, King, Dudley, Rosslyn, Stanley, Roden and Hawke Street. Blocks of land were auctioned, with Hawke Street land first offered for sale in May, 1853.

By October 1853, W.M. Tennent wrote in the Argus newspaper:

 “Hawke Street is most desirably situated, is in a most healthy and elevated position and commands extensive views of the shipping in the bay and of all surrounding districts”

The race to be the first to have an influence on Hawke streetscape was won in July 1853 by Scotsman, Colin Campbell, who created two stone and brick rendered dwellings and a timber workshop at 19, 21 and 23 Hawke. He was quickly followed a week later by Thomas Stevens who built four wooden cottages on the corner of Hawke and King Streets. Steven’s wooden dwellings were later replaced in 1920 by S. J. Marshall’s architect- designed pharmaceutical laboratory while Campbell’s buildings were demolished in 1972 when the three-storey red brick Miami hotel was created in their place.

In the 1890s, the Hawke residential streetscape began to slowly change with the introduction of industry. The largest of the early industrial buildings that had moved out of Melbourne’s CBD, made its new home on the corner of Hawke and Adderley Streets.  It was designed by architects Oakden, Addison & Kemp and built in 1889 by John Dunton for Brisco & Co. who were cast iron merchants of Elizabeth Street Melbourne.

At the most southern end, an 1868 resident and engineer, Gideon James, and his wife Catherine, once lived at 207 Hawke while Gideon operated the Avon Tool Works business located next door at 199 Hawke until 1909. Their double- fronted Victorian home and garden and nearby workshop both were demolished in the 1920s and replaced by a two-storey red brick industrial building that has since been converted into 12 townhouses.

The southern end of the Hawke streetscape in the late 1860s was also home to a handful of important greengrocer and butcher shops. Among their owners were names such as James Ibbetson, William Wood, and Mrs. Mary Ann Smith.

In 1881, the streetscape continued to change with the arrival of Miss. J. Hutchinson’s mantle & underclothing factory at 96 Hawke, and Francis Gillman, who lived and operated a boot factory at 62 Hawke. The streetscape continued evolving when both Victorian period homes and workshops were demolished and replaced Number 96 is now a park and number 62 is a modern red and cream brick construction built in the 1980s.

Following World War Two, the Hawke streetscape received a rush of extra industrial buildings, from the Spencer Street corner southwards. These factories made all manner of items from electric batteries to spark plugs and baby carriages, marketed nationwide.

In 1895, the street contained 89 Victorian era dwellings. Seven Federation dwellings followed soon after. As of 2022, Hawke Street has lost 43 heritage dwellings, removed from its streetscape forever.

Without stronger heritage protection laws, by the year 2150, the number of heritage dwellings in this streetscape potentially could face total obliteration.

The remaining historic dwellings on Hawke Street are important to the area because they are socially and historically significant buildings that retain private back yard gardens and they relate directly to the early development of West Melbourne.

The Hawke streetscape today contains a collection of outstanding Victorian and Federation dwellings, which are a particularly well-preserved group from important architectural periods in time. These dwellings are interspersed by some industrial buildings, with two early hotels predominantly on the southern side south of the Hawke and Spencer Street intersection.

The North and West Melbourne Precinct is of historical, social, and aesthetic/architectural significance to the local residents and to the City of Melbourne. It is of historical significance, as a predominantly Victorian-era precinct associated with the nineteenth century growth of Melbourne to its north and west.

The residents living in the heritage dwellings along the streetscape are impacted by a push to increase residential density through conversions of the two to three storey red brick industrial buildings into six to eight story blocks of flats, blocks that offer little or no onsite car parking or onsite garden space.

It is imperative existing heritage regulations within the wider built environment be strengthened and laws be strictly followed. All development that occurs in future on Hawke Street ought to be architecturally respectful of the existing style, low scale heights and the hand-crafted materials utilised in keeping with the historic style.

Some might say the residents of Hawke Street and the surrounding streets of greater Melbourne owe a debt of gratitude to the wise Victorian settlers who created the beautiful terrace homes found along these streetscapes of today.

Other Information

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