Hawke Street

photographer: Stephen Hatcher 2019.

The street is thought to have been named after Edward Hawke.

In the early 1850’s this area was wide open and unobstructed bush land unlike its built form of today. It was free of buildings and the land would have had easy sight of Port Phillip bay and the ships therein.

W.M. Tennent writes “ Hawke street is most desirably situated, is a most healthy and elevated position and commands extensive views of the shipping in the bay and of all surrounding districts” The Argus October 6th 1853.  

Hawke street has 4 cross streets that intersect with it, them being King street, Spencer street, Adderley street and Railway Place. When the founding fathers of Melbourne came up with the names of the new streets, naming Hawke street as they did makes perfect sense. King street is thought to have been named after the then reigning monarch of England, Spencer street is thought to have been named after Lord Spencer, head of the Whig party in the English house of commons. Adderley street is thought to have been named after Charles Bowyer Adderley, an old Staffordshire family and his wife, the daughter of Sir Edmund Craddock-Hartop, 1st Baronet Adderley and finally Railway place was named due to its location adjacent to main train lines leading into Spencer street train station.

Admiral of the English Fleet Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, KB, PC (1705-1781) son of Edward Hawke, a barrister and Elizabeth Hawke (née Bladen). Hawke benefited from the patronage of Colonel Martin Bladen, a Member of Parliament and his maternal uncle.

In 1737 Hawke married Catherine Brooke; they had three sons and one daughter.

During his lifetime Hawke went on to achieve a victory over a French fleet at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in November 1759 during the Seven Years’ War, preventing a French invasion of Britain. He developed the concept of a Western Squadron, keeping an almost continuous blockade of the French coast throughout the war.

Admiral Hawke was influential in the decision to give Captain James Cook command of his first expedition that left in 1768. When at a meeting in the Royal Geographical Society it was suggested that a civilian should lead the expedition Hawke is supposed to have remarked that, he would sooner have his right hand cut off than allow this to happen. Cook named a series of prominent places that he came across in the ‘New World’ after Hawke as a sign of his gratitude.

Towards the end of their life, Edward and Catherine Hawke had a country house in Sunbury-on-Thames and lived alternately there and at a rented home in North Stoneham, Hampshire. Hawke died at his house in Sunbury-on-Thames on 17 October 1781 and was buried at St. Nicolas’ Church, North Stoneham.

Back in Melbourne’s gold rush period, West Melbourne’s Hawke street was part of the great north-western expansion of the city of Melbourne that occurred during the start of the 1850’s.

Charles Laing, Architect and Surveyor’s December 8th 1847 “Plan of North Melbourne” shows a city that extended only as far as La Trobe street and included the then “far off” burial ground which is now known as the Queen Victoria Market, however no other official streets are shown beyond that in the north-western direction, just open bush land.

1847 Charles Laing

Fast forward five years later to Charles Laing’s 1852, “Plan of the City of Melbourne and its Extension Northwards” we can easily see many new roads including Hawke street adjacent to the Benevolent Asylum at North Melbourne.

1852 Charles Laing

Crown Land sales occurred in May 1853, therefore, we can safely say Hawke Street came into existence sometime after 1847 and before Laing’s 1852 map.

The Argus, May 1853 Crown Land Sale. First known record of Hawke Street in a Melbourne Newspaper.

The Hawke street of the Victorian gold rush era was predominantly a residential street in a predominantly residential neighborhood that surrounded it and other street all the way back in Roden, Stanley, Rosslyn, Dudley, Batman and Jeffcott Streets to the city in 1853 from “notices to let” entries in local newspapers.

The Argus 1853 Desirable property

Government Land Sale. Town Lots. County of Bourke, Melbourne, Parish of North Melbourne. (The North Melbourne lots lie between Hawke, Roden, Stanley and adjacent to the Benelovent Asylum). May 1853. (3) Click image to view.

Take a walk today down Hawke Street and you will see it is no longer 100% terrace houses. When CBD rents became too high, commercial activities moved in and build factories such as the industrial chemist of Mr. S J Marshall at 1-11 Hawke Street in 1920 as well as other manufacturing buildings that now house the Apollo gym café and the old Don Kyatt building further down Hawke street towards railway place.

Melbourne City Council have records of street cards for every street in the municipality and the image below shows the card for Hawke Street.

(2) Click image to view.

1 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address 611-617 King Street & 1-11 Hawke Street West Melbourne
Previous Address Samuel John Marshall Chemical Co, (3 to 5) & (7 to 11)
Constructed 1920 August

Style Inter-War Period : 1915 – 1940

Architect James A Wood
Builder Able Peters

2 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Constructed 1917

Architect R J Werner
Builder R J Werner, 16 Ross Street, Port Melbourne

2.2 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Constructed 1900

3 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Inter-War Period : 1915 – 1940

4 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Claremont Terrace 1868-1890, then known as Mary Terrace from 1895 onwards.
Previous Address 1 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 21/8/1868

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder Alexander McIntosh of 186 King Street

5 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Inter-War Period : 1915 – 1940

6 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Claremont Terrace 1868-1890, then known as Mary Terrace from 1895 onwards.
Previous Address 2 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 21/8/1868

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder Alexander McIntosh of 186 King Street

7 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Inter-War Period : 1915 – 1940

8 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Claremont Terrace 1868-1890, then known as Mary Terrace from 1895 onwards.
Previous Address 3 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 1/4/1869

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder Alexander McIntosh of 186 King Street

9 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Inter-War Period : 1915 – 1940

10 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Claremont Terrace 1868-1890, then known as Mary Terrace from 1895 onwards.
Previous Address 4 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 1/4/1869

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder Alexander McIntosh of 186 King Street

11 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Inter-War Period : 1915 – 1940

12 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Claremont Terrace 1868-1890, then known as Mary Terrace from 1895 onwards.
Previous Address 5 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 14/1/1870

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder Alexander McIntosh of 186 King Street

13 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

15 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Constructed 4/7/1853

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder Colin Campbell

17 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Constructed 23/11/1853

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder Colin Campbell

19 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Late twentieth century 1960 – 2000

21 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

23 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Oliver’s row houses (15 to 23) now known as the Miami Hotel.
Previous Address 10 Hawke Street (before 1889)

Style Late twentieth century: 1960 – 2000

27 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Marley’s row houses (27-33)
Previous Address 11 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 31/7/1869

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder John George Marley, 1 Courtney St Hotham

29 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Marley’s row houses (27-33)

Constructed 31/7/1869

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder John George Marley, 1 Courtney St Hotham

31 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Marley’s row houses (27-33)

Constructed 3/6/1871

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder John George Marley, 1 Courtney St Hotham

33 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Marley’s row houses (27-33)
Previous Address 17 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 3/6/1871

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder John George Marley, 1 Courtney St Hotham

35 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Woodham’s row house
Previous Address 19 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 21/12/1869

Style Victorian : 1840-1890

Builder Crawford & Anderson of Peel Street West Melbourne.

37 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Gutherie’s row house “Enfield”
Previous Address 21 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 1872

Style Victorian : 1840-1890

Architect Crouch & Wilson, 46 Elizabeth Street Melbourne

39 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Muckersy’s row house
Previous Address 21.5 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 20/02/1883

Style Victorian, Late: 1875-1901

Architect Koch, J B
Builder Charles Nott, Normanby Road South Melbourne.

41 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Muckersy’s row house
Previous Address 22 or 22a Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 20/02/1883

Style Victorian, Late: 1875-1901

Architect Koch, J B
Builder Charles Nott, Normanby Road South Melbourne.

43 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Kipling’s row house
Previous Address 23 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 1870 and 30/9/1878

Style Victorian, Late: 1875-1901

Builder Crawford and Anderson of Elizabeth Street North then Frederick Wittpan of 302 Rathdown Street North Carlton

45 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Avon House (45 & 47)
Previous Address 25 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 16/5/1876

Style Victorian : 1840-1890

Builder Cockram & Connely (later T Cockram & Co) of O’Connell Street North Melbourne

47 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Avon House (45 & 47)
Previous Address 27 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 16/ 05/ 1876

Style Victorian : 1840-1890

Builder Cockram & Connely (later T Cockram & Co) of O’Connell Street North Melbourne

49 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Sadlers row house.
Previous Address 29 Hawke Street before 1889
Constructed 1872

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

Builder brothers James, John & Albert Thurgood

51 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Benbow’s row house (51 & 53)
Previous Address 37 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 5/7/1871

Style Victorian : 1840-1890

Builder William Chrystal of Victoria street West Melbourne

53 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Benbow’s row house (51 & 53) & after 2006 “Templemore”
Previous Address 37 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 5/7/1871

Style Victorian : 1840-1890

Builder William Chrystal of Victoria street West Melbourne

55 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Sharrow’s row house.
Previous Address 39 Hawke Street (before 1889)
Constructed 17/4/1878

Style Victorian : 1840-1890

Builder Mr T. F. Murphy

57 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Newtown Terrace (group of 5 terrace homes)
Previous Address 11 Hawke Street

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

59 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Newtown Terrace (group of 5 terrace homes)
Previous Address 12 Hawke Street

61 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Newtown Terrace (group of 5 terrace homes)
Previous Address 13 Hawke Street (before 1889)

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

63 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Newtown Terrace (group of 5 terrace homes)
Previous Address 14 Hawke Street (before 1889)

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

65 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Newtown Terrace (group of 5 terrace homes)
Previous Address 15 Hawke Street (before 1889)

Style Victorian, Mid: 1860-1875

67 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

69 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

71 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Victorian, Late: 1875-1901

73 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

74 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Style Victorian, Late: 1875-1901

75 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

77 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

79 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

107 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Bute-house, a two story brick and bluestone Victorian family home.

Constructed 1868

Style Early twenty first century 2000-2030

Architect William J Ellis
Builder Mr. F. J. Tadgell of 23 Provost Street North Melbourne

128 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

129 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

Constructed 5/08/1884

Style Victorian : 1840-1890

Builder Taylor, R – Spencer Street West Melbourne

130 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003

199 Hawke Street
West Melbourne VIC 3003
Also known as Address Avon Tool Works, G. James